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Quantifying the role of ram-pressure stripping of galaxies within galaxy groups

Kolcu, T, Crossett, JP, Bellhouse, C and Mcgee, S (2022) Quantifying the role of ram-pressure stripping of galaxies within galaxy groups. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 515 (4). pp. 5877-5893. ISSN 0035-8711

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It is often stated that the removal of gas by ram-pressure stripping of a galaxy disc is not a common process in galaxy groups. In this study, with the aid of an observational classification of galaxies and a simple physical model, we show that this may not be true. We examined and identified 45 ram-pressure-stripped galaxy candidates from a sample of 1311 galaxy group members within 125 spectroscopically selected galaxy groups. Of these, 13 galaxies are the most secure candidates with multiple distinct features. These candidate ram-pressure-stripped galaxies have similar properties to those found in clusters - they occur at a range of stellar masses, are largely blue and star-forming, and have phase-space distributions consistent with being first infallers into their groups. The only stand-out feature of these candidates is they exist not in clusters, but in groups, with a median halo mass of 1013.5 M⊙. Although this may seem surprising, we employ an analytic model of the expected ram-pressure stripping force in groups and find that reasonable estimates of the relevant infall speeds and intragroup medium content would result in ram-pressure-stripped galaxies at these halo masses. Finally, given the considerable uncertainty on the lifetime of the ram-pressure phase, this physical mechanism could be the dominant quenching mechanism in galaxy groups, if our ram-pressure-stripped candidates can be confirmed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2022 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2023 12:32
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2023 12:32
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnras/stac2177
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19849
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