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Research on Design and Performance of Self-Compacting Cement Emulsified Bitumen Mixture (CEBM)

Yi, J, Feng, J, Li, Y, Bai, T, Chen, A, Gao, Y, Wu, F, Wu, S, Liu, Q and Li, C (2022) Research on Design and Performance of Self-Compacting Cement Emulsified Bitumen Mixture (CEBM). Materials, 15 (14). ISSN 1996-1944

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To meet the needs of the road industry for maintenance operations, a new cement emulsified bitumen mixture (CEBM) with early-strength, self-compacting, and room-temperature construction characteristics was designed. The strength formation mechanism of CEBM was revealed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the surface free energy (SFE) theory. The mechanical properties and road performance of the CEBM were investigated extensively. The results show that before the demulsification of emulsified bitumen, the SFE of the bitumen–aggregate–water three-phase system was reduced due to the replacement of the bitumen–aggregate interface with water. The adhesion work between the emulsified bitumen and the aggregate is negative, which means the adhesion between the emulsified bitumen and the aggregate will not occur spontaneously due to the existence of water. The liquid emulsified bitumen improves the workability of the mixture and ensures that the mixture can be evenly mixed and self-compacted. After demulsification, the work of adhesion between the residual bitumen and the aggregate is positive, which means residual bitumen and aggregate can bond spontaneously. In addition, the hydration products of cement and aggregate form a skeleton, and the emulsified bitumen film wraps and bonds the cement and aggregate together, creating strength. The emulsified bitumen, cement content, and curing conditions have significant effects on the stability of CEBM. The recommended dosage of emulsified bitumen and cement is 8% and 8–10%, respectively. This material integrates the hardening effect of cement and the viscoelastic performance of bitumen and has good workability, mechanical properties, and road performance. Therefore, the CEBM is technically feasible for application to bitumen pavement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bitumen/cement composite mixture; early-strength; mixture performance; self-compacted; strength formation mechanism; 03 Chemical Sciences; 09 Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: MDPI AG
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2023 09:49
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2023 10:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.3390/ma15144840
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/20128

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