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Sir Arthur Keith's Legacy: Re-discovering a lost collection of human fossils Quaternary International

De Groote, I, Stringer, C, Compton, T, Kruszynski, R and Bello, S (2014) Sir Arthur Keith's Legacy: Re-discovering a lost collection of human fossils Quaternary International. Quaternary International, 337. pp. 237-253. ISSN 1040-6182

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In 2001, a collection of skeletal material was donated to the Natural History Museum, London, by the Royal College of Surgeons, London. It consisted of boxes discovered among the personal belongings of Sir Arthur Keith. This paper describes the work undertaken to identify and document the human skeletal material in the Keith Collection. The study identified the human fossils as having come from a number of excavations directed by Dorothy Garrod in the 1920s and 30s in Israel. The collection contains the long considered lost human skeletal collection from the type-site of the Natufian industry: Shukbah Cave. The majority of this material is of Natufian origin but contains a few Neanderthal specimens. A small amount of heavily fragmented bones associated with Skhul VII and IX were also found. The most remarkable of the re-discovered collection is the material from el-Wad and Kebara Caves. It was identified to be the missing material from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic levels briefly described in 1939 in The Stone Age of Mount Carmel by Theodore McCown and Sir Arthur Keith. These important fossils hold great potential to answer questions about the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in the Near East, and the emergence of anatomically modern humans.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Natural Sciences & Psychology (closed 31 Aug 19)
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2015 10:12
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2022 15:38
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2115
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