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Mapping the factors behind ongoing war stress in Ukraine-based young civilian adults

Palace, M, Zamazii, O, Terbeck, S, Bokszczanin, A, Berezovski, T, Gurbisz, D and Szwejka, L (2023) Mapping the factors behind ongoing war stress in Ukraine-based young civilian adults. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. ISSN 1758-0846

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While the literature on well-being and stress following natural disasters is well-developed, it is less so when it comes to ongoing war experiences. Between September and October of 2022, 223 Ukraine-based civilian adults (156 women; 67 men) completed a survey measuring: symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), peritraumatic experiences, paranoia, quality of life, death anxiety, anxiety about weapons of mass destruction and depression (i.e., assumed ‘war consequence’ factors), as well as perceived social support, resilience, loneliness, and expected military support from the West (i.e., assumed ‘buffer’ factors). Our exploratory structural equation model (SEM) suggests that Perceived Social Support predicted fewer PTSD Symptoms and more Peritraumatic Experiences. The regression modelling, however, shows that Perceived Social Support was also positively correlated with Peritraumatic Experiences. Highlighting the need for a civilian war stress buffer disruption theory, we argue that when composed of one’s circle of family and friends, social support could likely mean greater exposure to war stressors through the mutual sharing of ongoing war experiences with no end in sight. Such a possible war stress sharing deterioration effect would imply that Perceived Social Support may compound peritraumatic distress if the support in question is offered by those facing the same grim reality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Wiley
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2023 10:36
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2023 12:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1111/aphw.12493
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21188

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