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A closer look at the binary content of NGC 1850

Saracino, S, Kamann, S, Bastian, N, Gieles, M, Shenar, T, Reindl, N, Müller-Horn, J, Usher, CG, Dreizler, S and Hénault-Brunet, V (2023) A closer look at the binary content of NGC 1850. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 526 (1). pp. 299-322. ISSN 0035-8711

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Studies of young clusters have shown that a large fraction of O-/early B-type stars are in binary systems, where the binary fraction increases with mass. These massive stars are present in clusters of a few Myrs, but gradually disappear for older clusters. The lack of detailed studies of intermediate-age clusters has meant that almost no information is available on the multiplicity properties of stars with M< 4⊙. In this study we present the first characterization of the binary content of NGC 1850, a 100 Myr-old massive star cluster in the Large Magellanic Cloud, relying on a VLT/MUSE multi-epoch spectroscopic campaign. By sampling stars down to M=2.5 ⊙, we derive a close binary fraction of 24 ± 5 % in NGC 1850, in good agreement with the multiplicity frequency predicted for stars of this mass range. We also find a trend with stellar mass (magnitude), with higher mass (brighter) stars having higher binary fractions. We modeled the radial velocity curves of individual binaries using The Joker and constrained the orbital properties of 27 systems, ∼17% of all binaries with reliable radial velocities in NGC 1850. This study has brought to light a number of interesting objects, such as four binaries showing mass functions f(M)>1.25 ⊙. One of these, star #47, has a peculiar spectrum, explainable with the presence of two disks in the system, around the visible star and the dark companion, which is a black hole candidate. These results confirm the importance and urgency of studying the binary content of clusters of any age.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2023 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.SR; astro-ph.SR; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2023 12:16
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2023 14:45
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21390
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