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Comparing Multiclass, Binary, and Hierarchical Machine Learning Classification schemes for variable stars

Hosenie, Z, Lyon, RJ, Stappers, BW and Mootoovaloo, A (2019) Comparing Multiclass, Binary, and Hierarchical Machine Learning Classification schemes for variable stars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 488 (4). pp. 4858-4872. ISSN 0035-8711

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Upcoming synoptic surveys are set to generate an unprecedented amount of data. This requires an automatic framework that can quickly and efficiently provide classification labels for several new object classification challenges. Using data describing 11 types of variable stars from the Catalina Real-Time Transient Survey (CRTS), we illustrate how to capture the most important information from computed features and describe detailed methods of how to robustly use information theory for feature selection and evaluation. We apply three machine learning algorithms and demonstrate how to optimize these classifiers via cross-validation techniques. For the CRTS data set, we find that the random forest classifier performs best in terms of balanced accuracy and geometric means. We demonstrate substantially improved classification results by converting the multiclass problem into a binary classification task, achieving a balanced-accuracy rate of ∼99 per cent for the classification of δ Scuti and anomalous Cepheids. Additionally, we describe how classification performance can be improved via converting a ‘flat multiclass’ problem into a hierarchical taxonomy. We develop a new hierarchical structure and propose a new set of classification features, enabling the accurate identification of subtypes of Cepheids, RR Lyrae, and eclipsing binary stars in CRTS data.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2019 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Computer Science & Mathematics
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2023 14:37
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 14:45
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stz1999
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21461

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