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Comparison of the 10-, 14- and 20-Item CES-D Scores as Predictors of Cognitive Decline

Jauregi-Zinkunegi, A, Langhough, R, Johnson, SC, Mueller, KD and Bruno, D (2023) Comparison of the 10-, 14- and 20-Item CES-D Scores as Predictors of Cognitive Decline. Brain Sciences, 13 (11). pp. 1-14.

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The association between depressive symptomatology and cognitive decline has been examined using the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D); however, concerns have been raised about this self-report measure. Here, we examined how the CES-D total score from the 14- and 10-item versions compared to the 20-item version in predicting progression to cognitive decline from a cognitively unimpaired baseline. Data from 1054 participants were analysed using ordinal logistic regression, alongside moderator and receiver-operating characteristics curve analyses. All baseline total scores significantly predicted progression to cognitive decline. The 14-item version was better than the 20-item version in predicting consensus diagnosis, as shown by their AICs, while also showing the highest accuracy when discriminating between participants by diagnosis at last visit. We did not find sex to moderate the relationship between CES-D score and cognitive decline. Current findings suggest the 10- and 14-item versions of the CES-D are comparable to the 20-item version, and that the 14-item version may be better at predicting longitudinal consensus diagnosis compared to the 20-item version.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1109 Neurosciences; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: MDPI
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2023 14:15
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 14:15
DOI or ID number: 10.3390/brainsci13111530
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21811
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