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Global Cross-Cultural Validation of a Brief Measure for Identifying Potential Suicide Risk in 42 Countries

Gewirtz-Meydan, A, Koós, M, Nagy, L, Kraus, SW, Demetrovics, Z, Potenza, MN, Ballester-Arnal, R, Batthyány, D, Bergeron, S, Billieux, J, Burkauskas, J, Cárdenas-López, G, Carvalho, J, Castro-Calvo, J, Chen, L, Ciocca, G, Corazza, O, Csako, R, Fernandez, DP, Fujiwara, H , Fernandez, EF, Fuss, J, Gabrhelík, R, Gjoneska, B, Gola, M, Grubbs, JB, Hashim, HT, Islam, MS, Ismail, M, Jiménez-Martínez, MC, Jurin, T, Kalina, O, Klein, V, Költő, A, Lee, S-K, Lewczuk, K, Lin, C-Y, Lochner, C, López-Alvarado, S, Lukavská, K, Mayta-Tristán, P, Miller, DJ, Orosz, G, Orosová, O, Sungkyunkwan University's research team NA, , Ponce, FP, Quintana, GR, Quintero Garzola, GC, Ramos-Diaz, J, Rigaud, K, Rousseau, A, De Tubino Scanavino, M, Schulmeyer, MK, Sharan, P, Shibata, G, Shoib, S, Sigre-Leirós, V, Sniewski, L, Spasovski, O, Steibliene, V, Stein, DJ, Strong, C, Ünsal, BC, Vaillancourt-Morel, M-P, Van Hout, M-C, Bőthe, B, International Sex Study Consortium, and Kewley, S (2024) Global Cross-Cultural Validation of a Brief Measure for Identifying Potential Suicide Risk in 42 Countries. Public Health, 229. pp. 13-23. ISSN 0033-3506

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Objectives: This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the P4 suicide screener in a multi-national sample. The primary goal was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the scale and investigate its convergent validity by analyzing its correlation with depression, anxiety, and substance use. Study Design: The study design is a cross-sectional self-report study conducted across 42 countries. Methods: A cross-sectional, self-report study was conducted in 42 countries, with a total of 82,243 participants included in the final dataset. Results: The study provides an overview of suicide ideation rates across 42 countries and confirms the structural validity of the P4 screener. Findings indicated that sexual and gender minority individuals exhibited higher rates of suicidal ideation. The P4 screener showed adequate reliability, convergence and discriminant validity, and a cut-off score of 1 is recommended to identify individuals at risk of suicidal behavior. Conclusions: The study supports the reliability and validity of the P4 suicide screener across 42 diverse countries, highlighting the importance of using a cross-cultural suicide risk assessment to standardize the identification of high-risk individuals and tailoring culturally sensitive suicide prevention strategies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1117 Public Health and Health Services; Public Health
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Public Health Institute
Publisher: Elsevier
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2024 15:24
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2024 15:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.puhe.2023.12.031
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22283
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