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MobiGrants: New Agents of Brain Drain in Portuguese Higher Education

Peixoto, L, Gomes, R, Lopes, JT, Cerdeira, L, Brites, R, Cabrito, B, Neiva Ganga, R, Machado-Taylor, ML, Silva, S and Patrocinio, T (2017) MobiGrants: New Agents of Brain Drain in Portuguese Higher Education. In: Giousmpasoglou, C, Marinakou, E and Paliktzoglou, V, (eds.) Brain Drain in Higher Education: The Case of the Southern European Countries and Ireland. Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp. 153-202. ISBN 978-1-53611-978-7

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Emigration is a chronic structural process of Portuguese society. The discussion and key arguments raised in this chapter are mainly focused on data from a research project (Bradramo) on Portuguese skilled emigration; based on the outcomes of the Bradramo project it can be suggested that recent phenomena in general, and the crisis that began around 2008 in particular, profoundly transformed the patterns of Portuguese emigration. Nowadays, the country faces a brain drain dynamic that is dramatically altering the profiles of national emigrants, emigration destinations, self-identity, and the strategies of those who leave the country. The neologism “MobiGrants” is used here to characterise recent Portuguese emigration. Academic mobility, which was mainly promoted by the European Union (through grants from the Erasmus Programme), created and fostered mobility flows that reinforced a latent mobility phenomenon. Once engaged in academic mobility programmes, Portuguese higher education students tend to stay in the country of destination or, upon returning temporarily to Portugal, to evince a very strong predisposition to move to a country of the European Union. Further, this grant-fuelled latent mobility exhibits a clear tendency towards moving between various countries and a very weak predisposition vis-à-vis a possible return to Portugal. Alongside this weak propensity to return, there is a marked refusal to assume a self-identity as emigrants. The profile of Portuguese “MobriGrants” reveals a trend towards a permanent and a long-term (as opposed to a temporary or transitory) mobility, an insertion in the primary segment of the labour market of the destination countries, a predominance of professionals connected to the academic/scientific system and to professions requiring high skills, and a latent mobility (after a period of study in the country of destination) rather than direct mobility flows (after having entered in the employment system of the sending country).

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: Liverpool Business School
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2024 12:49
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2024 12:49
Editors: Giousmpasoglou, C, Marinakou, E and Paliktzoglou, V
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22389
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