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The Effect of Response Modality on Witness Statements when Using the Self-Administered Interview

Gomes, JP, Fernandes, D, De Medeiros Paulo, RM and Albuquerque, PB The Effect of Response Modality on Witness Statements when Using the Self-Administered Interview. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. ISSN 1321-8719 (Accepted)

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Abstract

The Self-Administered Interview (SAI©) elicits comprehensive initial statements from witnesses and can enhance subsequent statements. However, the SAI© requires a written response that may have disadvantages compared to a spoken account. This study tested the effect of SAI©’s response modality and its subsequent impact on a delayed retrieval attempt. After watching a mock crime, participants completed a Spoken-SAI©, Typed-SAI© or no-SAI©. Four days later, participants read a news report with misleading post-event information (PEI) and, after another three days, completed a free recall and a recognition test. The Spoken-SAI© required less time to be completed than the Typed-SAI© but elicited accounts with a comparable amount of correct information and accuracy. Providing an initial account using the SAI© (vs. no-SAI©) produced more detailed accounts one week later regardless of response modality but did not reduce the susceptibility to misleading PEI. This provides valuable insight for improving the SAI© and its applicability

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Sciences; 1801 Law; Criminology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > HV7231 Criminal Justice Administrations
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2024 13:58
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2024 14:00
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22577
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