Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Heart and brain: Change in cardiac entropy is related to lateralised visual inspection in horses

Felici, M, Reddon, AR, Maglieri, V, Lanatà, A and Baragli, P (2023) Heart and brain: Change in cardiac entropy is related to lateralised visual inspection in horses. PLoS One, 18 (8). ISSN 1932-6203

journal.pone.0289753.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (932kB) | Preview


Cerebral lateralisation is the tendency for an individual to preferentially use one side of their brain and is apparent in the biased use of paired sensory organs. Horses vary in eye use when viewing a novel stimulus which may be due to different physiological reactions. To understand the interplay between physiology and lateralisation, we presented a novel object (an inflated balloon) to 20 horses while electrocardiogram traces were collected. We measured the amount of time each horse looked at the balloon with each eye. We calculated ‘sample entropy’ as a measure of non-linear heart rate variability both prior to and during the stimulus presentation. A smaller drop in sample entropy values between the habituation phase and the sample presentation indicates the maintenance of a more complex signal associated with a relaxed physiological state. Horses that spent longer viewing the balloon with their left eye had a greater reduction in sample entropy, while time spend looking with the right eye was unrelated to the change in sample entropy. Therefore, the horses that exhibited a greater reduction in sample entropy tended to use their right hemisphere more, which may take precedence in emotional reactions. These results may help to explain the variation in lateralisation observed among horses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eye; Heart; Brain; Animals; Horses; Entropy; Functional Laterality; Horses; Animals; Entropy; Functional Laterality; Brain; Eye; Heart; General Science & Technology
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2024 16:41
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2024 16:45
DOI or ID number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0289753
Editors: Rogers, LJ
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22834
View Item View Item