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Sex assessment from the pelvis: a test of the Phenice (1969) and Klales et al. (2012) methods

Jager, VR and Eliopoulos, C (2023) Sex assessment from the pelvis: a test of the Phenice (1969) and Klales et al. (2012) methods. Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology. ISSN 1547-769X

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Sex assessment is one of the first steps of routine forensic anthropological examinations and it provides a crucial element to identify a set of human skeletal remains. In bioarchaeological contexts, this assessment is also important, as it helps in the reconstruction of past societies. Sex determination can be achieved by using several morphological or metric traits of the skull and postcranial skeleton, which have been found to have varying degrees of accuracy. In 1969 Phenice proposed a methodology focusing on three traits located on the pubis. These traits were described as either having a female or male morphology with ambiguity being rare. Phenice’s method became regularly utilized as it was considered to be reliable. In 2012, Klales and colleagues published a revision of Phenice’s method, as they found that it did not capture the variation in the expression of the three traits. Klales and co-authors created a visual ordinal scale of 1–5 for each of the three traits Phenice originally identified, thus adding three extra possible forms of expression. The purpose of the present research was to test both the original and revised methodologies on the same skeletal population in order to evaluate their suitability for the assessment of sex. The Luís Lopes Anthropological collection in Lisbon was used; 117 males and 117 females were scored using both methodologies. The results showed that the original method performed better (96.5% accuracy) than the revised method (92.7%).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forensic anthropology; Phenice method; Pubic bone; Sex assessment; 1103 Clinical Sciences; Legal & Forensic Medicine
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: Springer
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2024 16:41
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2024 16:45
DOI or ID number: 10.1007/s12024-023-00685-4
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22859
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