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Navigating turbulence in the UK: how gender shapes self-employed social engagement during crises?

Haj Youssef, M, Nolan, S and Hussein, H Navigating turbulence in the UK: how gender shapes self-employed social engagement during crises? International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship. ISSN 1756-6266

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Abstract

Purpose: This study examines the dynamic relationship between UK entrepreneurs' engagement with society and the economic climate surrounding the 2008 financial crisis—before, during, and after it. We investigate whether such crises strengthen or weaken the connections between entrepreneurship and society, considering gender differences. Design: We employ individual-level data from the British Household Panel Survey and the UK Longitudinal Study to assess changes in entrepreneurs' social engagement during crises. We use panel logit and Poisson regressions to estimate trends in social engagement over time and in response to economic turmoil. Findings: We discover that entrepreneurs are more likely to join social organisations during economic turmoil. This engagement varies by gender, with female entrepreneurs more inclined to engage with social organisations than males. This suggests that female entrepreneurs perceive crisis risks differently, seeking support to navigate uncertainty. Additionally, we find evidence supporting the idea that female entrepreneurs take longer to recover from major economic shocks than their male counterparts. Originality: Entrepreneur behaviour during crises remains understudied. The role of social ties and networks in aiding entrepreneurs during systemic crises is particularly unexplored. This study addresses this gap, highlighting gender-based behavioural differences during crises and paving the way for further research. It represents a crucial step in integrating crisis literature into entrepreneurship studies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This author accepted manuscript is deposited under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC) licence. This means that anyone may distribute, adapt, and build upon the work for non-commercial purposes, subject to full attribution. If you wish to use this manuscript for commercial purposes, please contact permissions@emerald.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1503 Business and Management; 1699 Other Studies in Human Society
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Liverpool Business School
Publisher: Emerald
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2024 12:53
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2024 13:00
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23137
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