Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Exploring the influence of seafarers’ individual characteristics on the perceived risk in Maritime emergencies: A simulator study

Shi, K, Weng, J, Fan, S, Blanco-Davis, E and Yang, Z (2024) Exploring the influence of seafarers’ individual characteristics on the perceived risk in Maritime emergencies: A simulator study. Journal of Transportation Safety and Security. pp. 1-25. ISSN 1943-9962

[img] Text
Exploring the influence of seafarers individual characteristics on the perceived risk in maritime emergencies.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 27 March 2025.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (766kB)


The perceived risk experienced during the operation of a ship varies among seafarers, likely due to individual differences and variations in task requirements. Hence, this study aims to investigate the impacts of seafarers’ individual characteristics on their perceived risk under various emergencies by conducting a high-fidelity ship-handling simulator experiment. A linear mixed effects model is built to assess the impact of individual characteristics (e.g. age, navigational experience, profession, professional level) on the perceived risk of seafarers. Results show that the perceived risk of maritime pilots is significantly higher than deck officers under three emergency situations. The lower perceived risk is found from seafarers with higher navigational experience or at a higher professional level in situations involving poor visibility or an emergency incident. Additionally, the seafarer’s age could affect the perceived risk only in the circumstance of an emergency incident. Another finding is that seafarers at a high professional level (i.e. first mate, second-class pilot) exhibit higher perceived risk than those at a low professional level (i.e. second mate, third-class pilot) under the emergency of close encounters. Seafarers’ individual characteristics have different impacts in various emergency situations, with the influence of their profession being particularly significant. Maritime administrations were suggested to develop diverse training programs for various seafarers in order to reduce the occurrence likelihood of human errors in maritime accidents.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1507 Transportation and Freight Services
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 28 May 2024 11:29
Last Modified: 28 May 2024 14:27
DOI or ID number: 10.1080/19439962.2024.2332740
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23346
View Item View Item