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Frailty identification and management among Brazilian healthcare professionals: a survey

Azevedo, PS, de Melo, RC, de Souza, JT, Frost, R, Gavin, JP, Robinson, K, Boas, PJFV, Minicucci, MF, Aprahamian, I, Wachholz, PA, Hinslif-Smith, K and Gordon, AL (2024) Frailty identification and management among Brazilian healthcare professionals: a survey. BMC Geriatrics, 24 (1). pp. 1-8.

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Background National and international guidelines on frailty assessment and management recommend frailty screening in older people. This study aimed to determine how Brazilian healthcare professionals (HCPs) identify and manage frailty in practice. Methods An anonymous online survey on the assessment and management of frailty was circulated virtually through HCPs across Brazil. Results Most of the respondants used non-specific criteria such as gait speed (45%), handgrip strength (37.6%), and comprehensive geriatric assessment (33.2%). The use of frailty-specific criteria was lower than 50%. The most frequently used criteria were the Frailty Index (19.1%), Frailty Phenotype (13.2%), and FRAIL (12.5%). Only 43.5% felt confident, and 40% had a plan to manage frailty. In the multivariate-adjusted models, training was the most crucial factor associated with assessing frailty, confidence, and having a management plan (p < 0.001 for all). Those with fewer years of experience were more likely to evaluate frailty (p = 0.009). Being a doctor increased the chance of using a specific tool; the opposite was true for dietitians (p = 0.03). Those who assisted more older people had a higher likelihood of having a plan (p = 0.011). Conclusion Frailty assessment was heterogeneous among healthcare professions groups, predominantly using non-specific criteria. Training contributed to frailty assessment, use of specific criteria, confidence, and having a management plan. This data informs the need for standardized screening criteria and management plans for frailty, in association with increasing training at the national level for all the HCPs who assist older people.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; Geriatrics
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Nursing & Allied Health
Public Health Institute
Publisher: BioMed Central
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2024 09:16
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2024 09:30
DOI or ID number: 10.1186/s12877-024-05020-2
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23463
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