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The Chronic Time Pressure Inventory: further assessment of factorial structure and validity

Denovan, A, Dagnall, N and Drinkwater, K (2024) The Chronic Time Pressure Inventory: further assessment of factorial structure and validity. PeerJ, 12 (4). ISSN 2167-8359

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Background: Chronic time pressure represents a prevalent concern within modern society, and effective measurement is crucial for research advancement. The Chronic Time Pressure Inventory (CTPI) has thus far demonstrated adequate psychometric properties. However, only two studies have examined the measure and evidence of its validity is limited. Accordingly, the current investigation, via two independent studies, assessed the factorial composition and validity (convergent/discriminant) of the CTPI. Methods: Study 1 (N = 398) examined competing factorial models and validity in relation to the Big Five personality traits (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, Openness). Study 2 (N = 358) replicated the analysis of factor structure and assessed validity in comparison with five time perspectives (Past Negative, Present Fatalistic, Future, Past Positive, Present Hedonistic). Participants across both studies completed standardized self-report measures capturing the variables. Results: Comparison of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM) factor solutions indicated that an ESEM bifactor model provided the strongest data-model fit. This included a general chronic time pressure component alongside specific subfactors of Feeling Harried and Cognitive Awareness of Time Shortage. All scale items reflected the general factor; however, some items loaded weakly on the intended specific factor. The CTPI is thus a robust indicator of chronic time pressure but needs refinement as a measure of the specific factors. Convergent/discriminant validity analyses inferred that the CTPI captured chronic time pressure as a related, but distinct, construct to perceived stress, and evidenced a relationship with theoretically associated constructs (Big Five personality traits and time perspective). Overall, the CTPI is a sound measure of chronic time pressure and has the potential to further cohesive research efforts on the contribution of this construct to various life domains.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Factor Analysis, Statistical; Reproducibility of Results; Stress, Psychological; Personality; Personality Inventory; Psychometrics; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Young Adult; Self Report; Chronic Time Pressure Inventory; Chronic time pressure; Convergent validity; Exploratory structural equation modelling; Personality; Time perspective; Humans; Male; Female; Psychometrics; Factor Analysis, Statistical; Adult; Reproducibility of Results; Middle Aged; Personality; Young Adult; Personality Inventory; Self Report; Adolescent; Stress, Psychological; Aged; 06 Biological Sciences; 11 Medical and Health Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: PeerJ
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2024 07:54
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2024 07:54
DOI or ID number: 10.7717/peerj.17373
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23501
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