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Structural Relationships Among Mental Boundaries, Childhood Imaginary Companions, Creative Experiences, and Entity Encounters

Drinkwater, K, Dagnall, N, Houran, J, Denovan, A and O’Keeffe, C (2022) Structural Relationships Among Mental Boundaries, Childhood Imaginary Companions, Creative Experiences, and Entity Encounters. Psychological Reports. pp. 1-19. ISSN 0033-2941

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This study investigated relationships between thin mental boundary functioning, creativity, imaginary companions (ICs), and anomalous ‘(entity) encounter experiences.’ A convenience sample of 389 respondents completed the Revised Transliminality Scale, Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences, Creative Experiences Questionnaire, Survey of Strange Events, and a measure of Childhood Imaginary Companions. Competing testing with path analysis found that the best-fitting model was consistent with the causal chain of ‘Thin Boundaries (transliminality and schizotypy) → Creative Experiences → ICs → (Entity) Encounter Experiences.’ These results suggest that deep-types of ICs (i.e., showing apparent independent agency) are perhaps most accurately characterized as syncretic cognitions versus hallucination-like experiences. The authors examine these findings relative to study limitations, as well as discussing the need for future research that approaches ICs as a special mental state that can facilitate allied altered-anomalous experiences. In this context, this study furthered understanding of relationships between conscious states related to mental boundaries, childhood imaginary companions, creative experiences, and entity encounters.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Encounter experiences; boundary functioning; creativity; imaginary companions; transliminality; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Sciences; Social Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2024 11:24
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2024 14:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1177/00332941221123235
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23541
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