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Dimensionality of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire (MTQ48)

Perry, JL, Strycharczyk, D, Dagnall, N, Denovan, A, Papageorgiou, KA and Clough, PJ (2021) Dimensionality of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire (MTQ48). Frontiers in Psychology, 12.

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Currently there is debate as to whether mental toughness is a unidimensional or multidimensional construct. To investigate the dimensionality of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48-items (MTQ48), a widely used measure of mental toughness, we examined data from a sample of 78,947 participants. A series of exploratory structural equation models (ESEM) assessed unidimensional, multidimensional, and bifactor solutions. Overall, results supported a bifactor conceptualization of mental toughness. Bifactor analysis was consistent with the use of a general factor score. In conclusion, the authors argue that mental toughness should be considered as an umbrella term representing a general trait comprised of related constructs that provide a psychological advantage in performance and promote positive mental health. Finally, this article identifies limitations in the existing measurement of mental toughness and proposes necessary directions in future research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MTQ48; bifactor; exploratory structural equation modeling; mental toughness; psychometrics; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Frontiers Media
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2024 09:07
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2024 09:15
DOI or ID number: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.654836
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23547
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