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Bioisosteric analogs of MDMA: Improving the pharmacological profile?

Alberto-Silva, AS, Hemmer, S, Bock, HA, da Silva, LA, Scott, KR, Kastner, N, Bhatt, M, Niello, M, Jäntsch, K, Kudlacek, O, Bossi, E, Stockner, T, Meyer, MR, McCorvy, JD, Brandt, SD, Kavanagh, P and Sitte, HH (2024) Bioisosteric analogs of MDMA: Improving the pharmacological profile? Journal of Neurochemistry. ISSN 0022-3042

Journal of Neurochemistry - 2024 - Alberto‐Silva - Bioisosteric analogs of MDMA Improving the pharmacological profile.pdf - Published Version
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3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ‘ecstasy’) is re-emerging in clinical settings as a candidate for the treatment of specific neuropsychiatric disorders (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder) in combination with psychotherapy. MDMA is a psychoactive drug, typically regarded as an empathogen or entactogen, which leads to transporter-mediated monoamine release. Despite its therapeutic potential, MDMA can induce dose-, individual-, and context-dependent untoward effects outside safe settings. In this study, we investigated whether three new methylenedioxy bioisosteres of MDMA improve its off-target profile. In vitro methods included radiotracer assays, transporter electrophysiology, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer and fluorescence-based assays, pooled human liver microsome/S9 fraction incubations, metabolic stability studies, isozyme mapping, and liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry. In silico methods included molecular docking. Compared with MDMA, all three MDMA bioisosteres (ODMA, TDMA, and SeDMA) showed similar pharmacological activity at human serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine transporters (hSERT, hDAT, and hNET, respectively) but decreased agonist activity at 5-HT2A/2B/2C receptors. Regarding their hepatic metabolism, they differed from MDMA, with N-demethylation being the only metabolic route shared, and without forming phase II metabolites. In addition, TDMA showed an enhanced intrinsic clearance in comparison to its congeners. Additional screening for their interaction with human organic cation transporters (hOCTs) and plasma membrane monoamine transporter (hPMAT) revealed a weaker interaction of the MDMA analogs with hOCT1, hOCT2, and hPMAT. Our findings suggest that these new MDMA bioisosteres might constitute appealing therapeutic alternatives to MDMA, sparing the primary pharmacological activity at hSERT, hDAT, and hNET, but displaying a reduced activity at 5-HT2A/2B/2C receptors and alternative hepatic metabolism. Whether these MDMA bioisosteres may pose lower risk alternatives to the clinically re-emerging MDMA warrants further studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology; 1109 Neurosciences; Neurology & Neurosurgery
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2024 11:48
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2024 12:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1111/jnc.16149
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23648
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