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Cost-Effectiveness of Bariatric Surgery in Tunisia

Galvain, T, Bosut, MP, Jamous, N and Mansour, NB (2023) Cost-Effectiveness of Bariatric Surgery in Tunisia. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity, 16. pp. 935-945. ISSN 1178-7007

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Purpose: Obesity is a growing global issue with evidence linking it to an increase in loss of disease-free years, reduced quality of life, increased mortality, and additional economic burden. This study sought to establish the cost-effectiveness of gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy, compared to conventional therapy in patients with obesity, from a Tunisian healthcare payor perspective. Patients and Methods: A Markov model compared lifetime costs and outcomes of bariatric surgery with conventional treatment among patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2, BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 with obesity-related co-morbidities (Group 1), or BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (Group 2). Inputs were sourced from the Tunisian Health Examination Survey, local clinician data and literature sources. Health states were associated with different cost and utility decrements. Changes in body mass index, systolic blood pressure, lipid ratio and diabetes remission rates were modelled on a yearly basis. The incremental costeffectiveness ratio (ICER), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and net monetary benefit (NMB) were key outcomes. Sensitivity and scenario analyses were performed to test the model’s robustness. Results: The model showed that the benefits of bariatric surgery were favorable compared to conventional treatment, with an ICER of 1844 TND/QALY in Group 1 patients and 2413 TND/QALY in Group 2 patients. Bariatric surgery resulted in a QALY gain of 3.26 per patient in Group 1 and a gain of 1.77 per patient in Group 2. At a willingness to pay threshold of 31,379 TND/QALY, the incremental NMB was 96,251 TND and 51,123 TND for Group 1 and Group 2, respectively. Conclusion: From the Tunisian healthcare payor perspective, bariatric surgery is cost-effective for patients with obesity and those with T2DM and obesity-related comorbidities. These findings may have impact on future decision-making on funding and reimbursement of bariatric surgery in Tunisia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bariatric surgery; cost-effectiveness analysis; diabetes; gastric bypass; obesity; sleeve gastrectomy; 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Computer Science & Mathematics
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2024 13:11
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2024 13:11
DOI or ID number: 10.2147/DMSO.S385110
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23651
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