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Home-based Circuit Training and Community Walking for Intermittent Claudication

Waddell, A, Denton, F, Powell, R, Broom, DR, Birkett, ST, McGregor, G and Harwood, AE (2024) Home-based Circuit Training and Community Walking for Intermittent Claudication. Annals of vascular surgery, 105. pp. 38-47. ISSN 0890-5096

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Background: Supervised exercise training is recommended for people with peripheral artery disease (PAD), yet it remains underutilized. Home-based exercise programs (HBEPs) are a potential alternative. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of conducting a full scale trial of a 12-week HBEP for people living with symptomatic PAD. Methods: In a randomized feasibility trial, patients with intermittent claudication were allocated
to either an HBEP or a nonexercise control. The HBEP group was given a Fitbit to use during a 12-week exercise program comprising of personalized step goals and a resistance-based circuit
to be undertaken at home twice weekly. The primary outcome was feasibility, assessed via eligibility, recruitment, attrition, tolerability, and adherence. Acceptability was assessed via semistructured interviews. Secondary analysis was undertaken to determine the feasibility of collecting clinical outcome data. Results: 188 people were screened, 133 were eligible (70.7%), 30 were recruited (22.6%) and one withdrew (3.33%). Mean adherence to the daily step goal was 53.5% (range ¼ 29.8e 90.5%), and 58.6% of prescribed circuits were completed of which 56.4% were at the desired intensity. Six adverse events were recorded, 3 of which were related to study involvement. No significant differences were observed in exploratory outcomes. Small clinically important differences were seen in walking speed and pain-free treadmill walking distance which should be confirmed or refuted in a larger trial. Conclusions: The HBEP was feasible and well tolerated, with successful recruitment and minimal attrition. The intervention was acceptable, with walking seen as more enjoyable than circuit
exercise. The WALKSTRONG program may be suitable for those who will not, or cannot, take part in supervised exercise outside of the home.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Intermittent Claudication; Treatment Outcome; Exercise Therapy; Walking; Feasibility Studies; Patient Compliance; Recovery of Function; Exercise Tolerance; Time Factors; Aged; Middle Aged; Home Care Services; Female; Male; Peripheral Arterial Disease; Circuit-Based Exercise; Fitness Trackers; Humans; Intermittent Claudication; Male; Female; Aged; Feasibility Studies; Treatment Outcome; Walking; Middle Aged; Peripheral Arterial Disease; Patient Compliance; Home Care Services; Recovery of Function; Exercise Tolerance; Time Factors; Circuit-Based Exercise; Fitness Trackers; Exercise Therapy; 1103 Clinical Sciences; Cardiovascular System & Hematology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2024 16:09
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2024 16:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.avsg.2024.01.016
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23658
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