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Limits on optical polarization during the prompt phase of GRB 140430A

Kopač, D, Mundell, CG, Japelj, J, Arnold, DM, Steele, IA, Guidorzi, C, Dichiara, S, Kobayashi, S, Gomboc, A, Harrison, RM, Lamb, GP, Melandri, A, Smith, RJ, Virgili, FJ, Castro-Tirado, AJ, Gorosabel, J, Jarvinen, A, Sanchez-Ramirez, R, Oates, SR and Jelinek, M (2015) Limits on optical polarization during the prompt phase of GRB 140430A. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 813 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 0004-637X

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Gamma-ray burst GRB 140430A was detected by the Swift satellite and observed promptly with the imaging polarimeter RINGO3 mounted on the Liverpool Telescope, with observations beginning while the prompt $\gamma$-ray emission was still ongoing. In this paper, we present densely sampled (10-second temporal resolution) early optical light curves in 3 optical bands and limits to the degree of optical polarization. We compare optical, X-ray and gamma-ray properties and present an analysis of the optical emission during a period of high-energy flaring. The complex optical light curve cannot be explained merely with a combination of forward and reverse shock emission from a standard external shock, implying additional contribution of emission from internal shock dissipation. We estimate an upper limit for time averaged optical polarization during the prompt phase to be as low as P < 12% (1$\sigma$). This suggests that the optical flares and early afterglow emission in this GRB are not highly polarized. Alternatively, time averaging could mask the presence of otherwise polarized components of distinct origin at different polarization position angles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences, 0305 Organic Chemistry, 0306 Physical Chemistry (Incl. Structural)
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society and IOP Publishing
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2015 10:36
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2022 12:07
DOI or ID number: 10.1088/0004-637X/813/1/1
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2394
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