Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Decreased recall of primacy words predicts cognitive decline.

Bruno, D, Reiss, PT, Petkova, E, Sidtis, JJ and Pomara, N (2013) Decreased recall of primacy words predicts cognitive decline. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 28 (2). pp. 95-103. ISSN 1873-5843

Paper_for_ACN resubmit Nov 29.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (165kB) | Preview


One of the cognitive changes associated with Alzheimer's disease is a diminution of the primacy effect, i.e., the tendency toward better recall of items studied early on a list compared with the rest. We examined whether learning and recall of primacy words predicted subsequent cognitive decline in 204 elderly subjects who were non-demented and cognitively intact when first examined. Our results show that poorer primacy performance in the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test delayed recall trials, but not in immediate recall trials, is an effective predictor of subsequent decline in general cognitive function. This pattern of performance can be interpreted as evidence that failure to consolidate primacy items is a marker of cognitive decline.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology following peer review. The version of record Arch Clin Neuropsychol (2013) 28 (2): 95-103 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acs116
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1109 Neurosciences, 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Natural Sciences & Psychology (closed 31 Aug 19)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2016 15:12
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 14:07
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/arclin/acs116
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3047
View Item View Item