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Fragmentation and disk formation in high-mass star formation: The ALMA view of G351.77-0.54 at 0.06" resolution

Beuther, H, Walsh, AJ, Johnston, KG, Henning, T, Kuiper, R, Longmore, SN and Walmsley, CM (2017) Fragmentation and disk formation in high-mass star formation: The ALMA view of G351.77-0.54 at 0.06" resolution. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 603. ISSN 0004-6361

1703.07235v1.pdf - Accepted Version

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Aims: We resolve the small-scale structure around the high-mass hot core region G351.77-0.54 to investigate its disk and fragmentation properties. Methods: Using ALMA at 690GHz with baselines exceeding 1.5km, we study the dense gas, dust and outflow emission at an unprecedented spatial resolution of 0.06" (130AU@2.2kpc). Results: Within the inner few 1000AU, G351.77 fragments into at least four cores (brightness temperatures between 58 and 197K). The central structure around the main submm source #1 with a diameter of ~0.5" does not show additional fragmentation. While the CO(6-5) line wing emission shows an outflow lobe in the north-western direction emanating from source #1, the dense gas tracer CH3CN shows a velocity gradient perpendicular to the outflow that is indicative of rotational motions. Absorption profile measurements against the submm source #2 indicate infall rates on the order of 10^{-4} to 10^{-3}M_sun/yr which can be considered as an upper limit of the mean accretion rates. The position-velocity diagrams are consistent with a central rotating disk-like structure embedded in an infalling envelope, but they may also be influenced by the outflow. Using the CH_3CN(37_k-36_k) k-ladder with excitation temperatures up to 1300K, we derive a gas temperature map of source #1 exhibiting temperatures often in excess of 1000K. Brightness temperatures of the submm continuum never exceed 200K. This discrepancy between gas temperatures and submm dust brightness temperatures (in the optically thick limit) indicates that the dust may trace the disk mid-plane whereas the gas could be tracing a hotter gaseous disk surface layer. In addition, we conduct a pixel-by-pixel Toomre gravitational stability analysis of the central rotating structure. The derived high Q values throughout the structure confirm that this central region appears stable against gravitational instability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.SR
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: EDP Sciences
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Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 09:16
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 11:45
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6152
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