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Twenty years conservation and monitoring of re-introduced mountain gazelle in the Ibex Reserve, Saudi Arabia

Wronski, T, Sandouka, MA and Butynski, TM (2012) Twenty years conservation and monitoring of re-introduced mountain gazelle in the Ibex Reserve, Saudi Arabia. In: Soorae, PS, (ed.) Global Re-introduction Perspectives: 2011. IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist group (RSG), Abu Dhabi, pp. 175-179. ISBN 978-2-8317-1432-5

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Historically, the mountain gazelle (Gazella gazella) occurred across most of the Arabian Peninsula into northern Syria and Turkey. Early explorers and scientists reported that the mountain gazelle is closely associated with Acacia spp. trees. The current range includes southern Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Iran (Farur Island), Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen and Saudi Arabia. The IUCN Red List currently ranks this species as ‘Vulnerable’ (A2ad). Mountain gazelle numbers have decreased dramatically throughout their range, particularly in Saudi Arabia. The only protected areas in Saudi Arabia with natural populations of mountain gazelle are Al Khunfah, Harrat al Harrah, and Farasan Islands. A few scattered populations occur outside of protected areas in the western Asir Mountains, Hejaz Mountains, and possibly on the Tihama coastal plain. There are only two reports of mountain gazelle occurring historically in the central mountains of Saudi Arabia. Both reports are for mountain gazelle in the Jebel Tuwaiq, which is where the Ibex Reserve is situated. In an effort to re-establish the locally extinct population in the Tuwaiq Mountains (Ibex Reserve), the Saudi Wildlife Authority (SWA) initiated a mountain gazelle re-introduction program in 1990 (Dunham et al., 1993). The released gazelles came from the King Khalid Wildlife Research Centre (KKWRC), Saudi Arabia.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Natural Sciences & Psychology (closed 31 Aug 19)
Publisher: IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist group (RSG)
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2017 10:48
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 23:32
Editors: Soorae, PS
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6882
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