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Distal and proximal associates of academic performance at secondary level: A mediation model of personality and self-efficacy

McIlroy, D, Poole, K, Ursavas, OF and Moriarty, A (2015) Distal and proximal associates of academic performance at secondary level: A mediation model of personality and self-efficacy. Learning and Individual Differences, 38. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1041-6080

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The predictive map for personality-related measures has evolved into distal, proximal and immediate associates of academic performance. This study used distal (Five Factor Model) and proximal (Academic Self-efficacy, ASE) associates with GPA (a specific facet of academic performance) at two time points with secondary level students at sixth form college (N = 106, average age 17 and evenly balanced by gender). Openness, Conscientiousness and ASE were associated with GPA at weak to moderate levels. In a path analysis with ASE as the mediator, the three constructs explained 17% variance on academic performance at time 1 and 42% at time 2 when a direct effect from GPA1 to GPA2 was introduced, with Openness and ASE remaining statistically significant when controlling for GPA1, and all three constructs provided significant indirect effects. Findings demonstrate the salient value of Openness and Conscientiousness, when configured with ASE as the mediator. Findings are applied to the approaches that facilitate learning pathways and support ability processes in achievement.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Learning and Individual Differences. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in: Learning and Individual Differences, VOL38, February 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2015.01.004
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-efficacy; Five Factor Model; Grades; Mediation Model
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Natural Sciences & Psychology (closed 31 Aug 19)
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2015 14:32
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 14:31
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.lindif.2015.01.004
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/860
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