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The XXL Survey: XXX. Characterisation of the XLSSsC N01 supercluster and analysis of the galaxy stellar populations

Guglielmo, V, Poggianti, BM, Vulcani, B, Moretti, A, Fritz, J, Gastaldello, F, Adami, C, Caretta, CA, Willis, J, Koulouridis, E, Ceja, MER, Giles, P, Baldry, IK, Birkinshaw, M, Bongiorno, A, Brown, M, Chiappetti, L, Driver, S, Elyiv, A, Evrard, A , Grootes, M, Guennou, L, Hopkins, A, Horellou, C, Iovino, A, Maurogordato, S, Owers, M, Pacaud, F, Paltani, S, Pierre, M, Plionis, M, Ponman, T, Robotham, A, Sadibekova, T, Smolčić, V, Tuffs, R and Vignali, C (2018) The XXL Survey: XXX. Characterisation of the XLSSsC N01 supercluster and analysis of the galaxy stellar populations. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 620. ISSN 0004-6361

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Superclusters form from the largest enhancements in the primordial density perturbation field and extend for tens of Mpc, tracing the large-scale structure of the Universe. We characterise XLSSsCN01, a rich supercluster at z~0.3 detected in the XXL Survey, composed of X-ray clusters of different virial masses and luminosities. As one of the first studies on this topic, we investigate the stellar populations of galaxies in different environments in the supercluster region. We study a magnitude-limited (r<=20) and a mass-limited sample (log(M*/M_sun)>10.8) of galaxies in the virialised region and in the outskirts of 11 XLSSsCN01 clusters, in high- and low-density field. We compute the stellar population properties of galaxies using spectral energy distribution and spectral fitting techniques, and study the dependence of star formation rates (SFR), colours, and stellar ages on environment. For r<20, the fraction of SFing/blue galaxies, computed either from the specific-SFR (sSFR) or rest-frame(rf) colour, shows depletion within the cluster virial radii, where the number of galaxies with log(sSFR/yr^-1)>-12 and with (g-r)_rf<0.6 is lower than in the field. For log(M*/M_sun)>10.8, no trends with environment emerge, as massive galaxies are mostly already passive in all environments. No differences among low- and high-density field members and cluster members emerge in the sSFR-mass relation. The luminosity-weighted age-mass relation of the passive populations within cluster virial radii show signatures of recent environmental quenching. The study of luminous and massive galaxies in this supercluster shows that while environment has a prominent role in determining the fractions of SFing/blue galaxies, its effects on the star formation activity in SFing galaxies are negligible.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA; 85A04
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2018 11:36
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 10:28
DOI or ID number: 10.1051/0004-6361/201732507
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8718
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