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Classification of Foetal Distress and Hypoxia Using Machine Learning

Abbas, RA (2018) Classification of Foetal Distress and Hypoxia Using Machine Learning. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Foetal distress and hypoxia (oxygen deprivation) is considered a serious condition and one of the main factors for caesarean section in the obstetrics and gynaecology department. It is considered to be the third most common cause of death in new-born babies. Foetal distress occurs in about 1 in 20 pregnancies. Many foetuses that experience some sort of hypoxic effects can have series risks such as damage to the cells of the central nervous system that may lead to life-long disability (cerebral palsy) or even death. Continuous labour monitoring is essential to observe foetal wellbeing during labour. Many studies have used data from foetal surveillance by monitoring the foetal heart rate with a cardiotocography, which has succeeded traditional methods for foetal monitoring since 1960. Despite the indication of normal results, these results are not reassuring, and a small proportion of these foetuses are actually hypoxic. This study investigates the use of machine learning classifiers for classification of foetal hypoxic cases using a novel method, in which we are not only considering the classification performance only, but also investigating the worth of each participating parameter to the classification as seen by medical literature. The main parameters that are included in this study as indicators of metabolic acidosis are: pH level (which is a measure of the hydrogen ion concentration of blood to specify the acidity or alkalinity), as an indicator of respiratory acidosis; Base Deficit of extra-cellular fluid level and Base Excess (BE) (which is the measure of the total concentration of blood buffer base that indicates metabolic acidosis or compensated respiratory alkalosis). In addition to other parameters such as the PCO2 (partial pressure of carbon dioxide can reflect the hypoxic state of the foetus) and the Apgar scores (which shows the foetal physical activity within a specific time interval after birth). The provided data was an open-source partum clinical data obtained by Physionet, including both hypoxic cases and normal cases. Six well known machine learning classifier are used for the classification; each model was presented with a set of selected features derived from the clinical data. Classifier evaluation is performed using the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, area under the curve plots, as well as confusion matrix. The simulation results indicate that machine learning classifiers provide good results in diagnosis of foetal hypoxia, in addition to acceptable results of different combinations of parameters to differentiate the cases.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Computer Science & Mathematics
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2018 08:39
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2023 15:40
DOI or ID number: 10.24377/LJMU.t.00008777
Supervisors: Hussain, ABIR
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8777
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