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A dynamic assessment of children's physical competence: The Dragon Challenge

Tyler, R, Foweather, L, Mackintosh, K and Stratton, G (2018) A dynamic assessment of children's physical competence: The Dragon Challenge. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 50 (12). pp. 2474-2487. ISSN 0195-9131

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Purpose: The first aim was to develop a dynamic measure of physical competence that requires a participant to demonstrate fundamental, combined and complex movement skills, and for assessors to score both processes and products (Dragon Challenge; DC). The second aim was to assess the psychometric properties of the DC in 10-14 year old children.
Methods: The first phase involved the development of the DC, including the review process that established face and content validity. The second phase used DC surveillance data (n=4,355; 10-12 years) to investigate construct validity. In the final phase, a convenience sample (n=50; 10-14 years) performed the DC twice (one-week interval), the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2), and the Stability Skills Assessment (SSA). This data was used to investigate concurrent validity, and test-retest, inter-rater and intra-rater reliability.
Results: In support of construct validity, boys (p < 0.001) and secondary school children (p < 0.001) obtained higher DC total scores than girls and primary school children, respectively. A principal component analysis revealed a nine-component solution, with the three criteria scores for each individual DC task loading onto their own distinct component. This nine-factor structure was confirmed using a confirmatory factor analysis. Results for concurrent validity showed that there was a high positive correlation between DC total score and TGMD-2 and SSA overall score (r(43) = .86, p < 0.001). DC total score showed good test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.80; 95%CI: 0.63, 0.90; p < 0.001). Inter- and intra-rater reliability on all comparison levels was good (all ICCs > .85).
Conclusion: The DC is a valid and reliable tool to measure elements of physical competence in children aged 10-14 years.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is not the final published version
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2018 11:26
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 10:19
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9004
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