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Tapering practices of New Zealand’s elite raw powerlifters

Pritchard, HJ and Tod, D and Barnes, MJ and Keogh, JW and McGuigan, MR (2015) Tapering practices of New Zealand’s elite raw powerlifters. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. ISSN 1533-4287

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Abstract

The major aim of this study was to determine tapering strategies of elite powerlifters. Eleven New Zealand powerlifters (28.4 ± 7.0 years, best Wilks score of 431.9 ± 43.9 points) classified as elite were interviewed, using semi-structured interviews, about their tapering strategies. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and content analyzed. Total training volume peaked 5.2 ± 1.7 weeks from competition while average training intensity (of 1RM) peaked 1.9 ± 0.8 weeks from competition. During tapering volume was reduced by 58.9 ± 8.4% while intensity was maintained (or slightly reduced) and the final weight training session was performed 3.7 ± 1.6 days out from competition. Participants generally stated that tapering was performed to achieve full recovery; that accessory work was removed around two weeks out from competition; and, deadlifting takes longer to recover from than other lifts. Typically participants stated that trial and error, and changes based on ‘feel’ were the sources of tapering strategies; equipment used and movements performed during tapering are the same as in competition; nutrition was manipulated during the taper (for weight cutting and/or performance aims); and, poor tapering occurred when too long (one week or more) was taken off training. These results suggest that athletes may benefit from continuing to strength train prior to important events with reduced volume and maintained intensity. Only exercises that directly assist sports performance should remain in the strength program during tapering, to assist with reductions in fatigue while maintaining/improving strength expression and performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2015 13:27
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2016 00:50
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2455

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