- What is Open Access?
- Does Open Access affect me?
- What are the benefits of Open Access?
- How do I make research papers Open Access?
- What is meant by an embargo period?
- Do all research outputs need to be made Open Access?
- What is an Article Processing charge and how is it paid?
- What is the University's position on Open Access and how does it support it?
- Does this affect where I publish?
- What is LJMU Research Online?
- How can I upload papers to LJMU Research Online?
- How does Open Access affect me if I am funded by a research council?
- Does this apply to me if I am a PhD student funded by Research Councils UK?
- What are the implications for the next REF?
- What is a CC-BY licence?
The term Open Access refers to the online availability of scholarly work free of charge to individuals who wish to access and read it.
Yes. This applies to both authors and readers of academic research. OA gives readers greater access to research literature. OA gives authors increased visibility of their work.
If your research is funding by a Research Council or the Welcome Trust you need to be aware of their Open Access policies
If you want your research to be eligible for the next REF you need to be aware of HEFCEs requirements.
As a researcher making your work open access can help:
- Aid compliance with HEFCE requirements for the next REF and funding body mandates
- Increase your citations/downloads contributing to evidence of impact.
- Enhance your research profile both internally and externally.
- Enable you to reach a wider audience which may facilitate future collaborations.
- Enhance the profile of the institution by showcasing the institutional research profile internationally.
There are two main routes to making research papers OA: Gold and Green (more information here).
It is a good idea to check your journal to see which OA routes your chosen journal supports.
Both OA routes will be supported in principle by the University, although funding to support Gold is limited and only available to RCUK funded authors. The University provides an institutional repository, LJMU Research Online, to enable Green OA deposit.
An embargo in academic publishing is a period during which access to a research publication is restricted by some means. The purpose of this is usually to protect the revenue of publishers who rely on subscription payments to cover the costs of publication.
You need to be aware of the use of embargo periods by publishers as this forms an important part of ensuring compliance with HEFCE and funding bodies.
In principle OA can be applied to any research output. In practice OA has largely related to journal articles and conference proceedings.
In terms of meeting HEFCE requirements for the next REF this refers to journal articles and conference proceedings.
An Article Processing Charge or APC is a publisher’s fee for making a research paper available via Gold Open Access.
The UK Research Councils (RCUK) have allocated a block grant to the University to support the payment of APCs for outputs arising from work they have funded. We also have some institutional deals that can help with the payment of APCs For more information or to request an APC please see our Request an APC page.
The University supports the principle that the outcomes of research should be made available as widely as possible via the Open Access publishing model. LJMU requires all researchers to deposit the full text of peer-reviewed journal articles and conference proceedings with an ISBN, subject to copyright provisions into the institutional repository, LJMU Research Online. For further information see Open Access at LJMU
The University affirms that its staff and postgraduate research students retain the freedom of choice to decide the content, form and outlet for publishing their research findings. Most publishers now allow for OA publishing either by the Gold and/or Green routes. Both routes are supported by the University.
However from April 2016 your final/accepted manuscript (for journal articles and some conference proceedings) will need to be made available in a repository in order to be eligible for the next REF.
LJMU Research Online is the university’s institutional repository where researchers can deposit open access publications. Material stored in LJMU Research online will be freely available to anyone online and can be located by users of web search engines.
For help with uploading papers to LJMU Research Online see Deposit your publication
You are advised to check you funding councils OA policy, available from their websites.
The new RCUK Open Access Policy applies to all research funded as a whole or in part by RCUK.
The University recognises the significant contribution PhD students make to its research activities and affirms that they, as with research staff, retain the freedom of choice to decide the content, form and outlet for publishing of their research findings.
From April 2016 your final/accepted manuscript (for journal articles and some conference proceedings) will need to be made available in a repository in order to be eligible for the next REF. The University provides an institutional repository, LJMU Research Online to facilitate this.
Creative Commons state that a CC-BY licence allows a user to:
- Share (copy, distribute and transmit the work)
- Remix (to adapt the work)
- Use the work for commercial purposes
These uses come with the condition that the user must “attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor”. CC-BY compliance is an important part of the research funder’s requirements.
HEFCE do not specify outputs be made available under any particular licence, but the output must be presented in a form that allows anyone to search within the text, read it and download it without charge.
For help and advice making your research outputs available via Open Access contact email@example.com
There are many good Open Access (OA) blogs and other online sources of information that you can follow to keep you up-to-date with the ever-changing OA landscape.
The University’s Open Access webpages will keep you up to date with latest information specific to the Liverpool John Moores University.