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The XMM Cluster Survey: evolution of the velocity dispersion -- temperature relation over half a Hubble time

Wilson, S and Hilton, M and Rooney, PJ and Caldwell, CE and Kay, ST and Collins, CA and McCarthy, IG and Romer, AK and Bermeo-Hernandez, A and Bernstein, R and Costa, LD and Gifford, D and Hollowood, D and Hoyle, B and Jeltema, T and Liddle, AR and Maia, MAG and Mann, RG and Mayers, JA and Mehrtens, N and Miller, CJ and Nichol, RC and Ogando, R and Sahlén, M and Stahl, B and Stott, JP and Thomas, PA and Viana, PTP and Wilcox, H (2016) The XMM Cluster Survey: evolution of the velocity dispersion -- temperature relation over half a Hubble time. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 436. pp. 413-428. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We measure the evolution of the velocity dispersion--temperature ($\sigma_{\rm v}$--$T_{\rm X}$) relation up to $z = 1$ using a sample of 38 galaxy clusters drawn from the \textit{XMM} Cluster Survey. This work improves upon previous studies by the use of a homogeneous cluster sample and in terms of the number of high redshift clusters included. We present here new redshift and velocity dispersion measurements for 12 $z > 0.5$ clusters observed with the GMOS instruments on the Gemini telescopes. Using an orthogonal regression method, we find that the slope of the relation is steeper than that expected if clusters were self-similar, and that the evolution of the normalisation is slightly negative, but not significantly different from zero ($\sigma_{\rm v} \propto T^{0.86 \pm 0.14} E(z)^{-0.37 \pm 0.33}$). We verify our results by applying our methods to cosmological hydrodynamical simulations. The lack of evolution seen from the data suggests that the feedback does not significantly heat the gas, a result that is consistent with simulations including radiative cooling.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.CO; astro-ph.CO; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2016 10:35
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 16:11
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stw1947
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2525

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