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Highly evolvable malaria vectors: The genomes of 16 Anopheles mosquitoes

Neafsey, DE, Waterhouse, RM, Abai, MR, Aganezov, SS, Alekseyev, MA, Allen, JE, Amon, J, Arca, B, Arensburger, P, Artemov, G, Assour, LA, Basseri, H, Berlin, A, Birren, BW, Blandin, SA, Brockman, AI, Burkot, TR, Burt, A, Chan, CS, Chauve, C , Chiu, JC, Christensen, M, Costantini, C, Davidson, VLM, Deligianni, E, Dottorini, T, Dritsou, V, Gabriel, SB, Guelbeogo, WM, Hall, AB, Han, MV, Hlaing, T, Hughes, DST, Jenkins, AM, Jiang, X, Jungreis, I, Kakani, EG, Kamali, M, Kemppainen, P, Kennedy, RC, Kirmitzoglou, IK, Koekemoer, LL, Laban, N, Langridge, N, Lawniczak, MKN, Lirakis, M, Lobo, NF, Lowy, E, MacCallum, RM, Mao, C, Maslen, G, Mbogo, C, McCarthy, J, Michel, K, Mitchell, SN, Moore, W, Murphy, KA, Naumenko, AN, Nolan, T, Novoa, EM, O'Loughlin, S, Oringanje, C, Oshaghi, MA, Pakpour, N, Papathanos, PA, Peery, AN, Povelones, M, Prakash, A, Price, DP, Rajaraman, A, Reimer, LJ, Rinker, DC, Rokas, A, Russell, TL, Sagnon, N, Sharakhova, MV, Shea, T, Simao, FA, Simard, F, Slotman, MA, Somboon, P, Stegniy, V, Struchiner, CJ, Thomas, GWC, Tojo, M, Topalis, P, Tubio, JMC, Unger, MF, Vontas, J, Walton, C, Wilding, CS, Willis, JH, Wu, Y-C, Yan, G, Zdobnov, EM, Zhou, X, Catteruccia, F, Christophides, GK, Collins, FH, Cornman, RS, Crisanti, A, Donnelly, MJ, Emrich, SJ, Fontaine, MC, Gelbart, W, Hahn, MW, Hansen, IA, Howell, PI, Kafatos, FC, Kellis, M, Lawson, D, Louis, C, Luckhart, S, Muskavitch, MAT, Ribeiro, JM, Riehle, MA, Sharakhov, IV, Tu, Z, Zwiebel, LJ and Besansky, NJ (2015) Highly evolvable malaria vectors: The genomes of 16 Anopheles mosquitoes. SCIENCE, 347 (6217). pp. 1258522-125822. ISSN 0036-8075

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Variation in vectorial capacity for human malaria among Anopheles mosquito species is determined by many factors, including behavior, immunity, and life history. To investigate the genomic basis of vectorial capacity and explore new avenues for vector control, we sequenced the genomes of 16 anopheline mosquito species from diverse locations spanning ~100 million years of evolution. Comparative analyses show faster rates of gene gain and loss, elevated gene shuffling on the X chromosome, and more intron losses, relative to Drosophila. Some determinants of vectorial capacity, such as chemosensory genes, do not show elevated turnover, but instead diversify through protein-sequence changes. This dynamism of anopheline genes and genomes may contribute to their flexible capacity to take advantage of new ecological niches, including adapting to humans as primary hosts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
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Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2016 11:03
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2017 17:40
DOI or Identification number: 10.1126/science.1258522
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/303

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