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Relationships among muscle dysmorphia characteristics, body image quality of life, and coping in males

Tod, D and Edwards, C (2015) Relationships among muscle dysmorphia characteristics, body image quality of life, and coping in males. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18 (5). pp. 585-589. ISSN 1440-2440

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Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among bodybuilding dependence, muscle satisfaction, body image-related quality of life and body image-related coping strategies, and test the hypothesis that muscle dysmorphia characteristics may predict quality of life via coping strategies. Design: Participants (294 males, M<inf>age</inf>=20.5 years, SD=3.1) participated in a cross-sectional survey. Methods: Participants completed questionnaires assessing muscle satisfaction, bodybuilding dependence, body image-related quality of life and body image-related coping. Results: Quality of life was correlated positively with muscle satisfaction and bodybuilding dependence but negatively with body image coping ( P< 0.05). Body image coping was correlated positively with bodybuilding dependence and negatively with muscle satisfaction ( P< 0.05). Mediation analysis found that bodybuilding dependence and muscle satisfaction predicted quality of life both directly and indirectly via body image coping strategies (as evidenced by the bias corrected and accelerated bootstrapped confidence intervals). Conclusions: These results provide preliminary evidence regarding the ways that muscularity concerns might influence body image-related quality of life.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science, 1117 Public Health And Health Services
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 09:01
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2016 09:01
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.07.015
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3163

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