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Habitual physical activity is associated with the maintenance of neutrophil migratory dynamics in healthy older adults

Bartlett, DB and Fox, O and McNulty, CL and Greenwood, HL and Murphy, L and Sapey, E and Goodman, M and Crabtree, N and Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C and Fisher, JP and Wagenmakers, AJM and Lord, JM (2016) Habitual physical activity is associated with the maintenance of neutrophil migratory dynamics in healthy older adults. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. ISSN 1090-2139

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Abstract

Background: Dysfunctional neutrophils with advanced age are a hallmark of immunesenescence. Reduced migration and bactericidal activity increase the risk of infection. It remains unclear why neutrophil dysfunction occurs with age. Physical activity and structured exercise have been suggested to improve immune function in the elderly. The aim of this study was to assess a comprehensive range of neutrophil functions and determine their association with habitual physical activity. Method: Physical activity levels were determined in 211 elderly (67 ± 5 years) individuals by 7-days of accelerometry wear. Twenty of the most physically active men and women were matched for age and gender to twenty of the least physically active individuals. Groups were compared for neutrophil migration, phagocytosis, oxidative burst, cell surface receptor expression, metabolic health parameters and systemic inflammation. Groups were also compared against ten young participants (23 ± 4 years). Results: The most active group completed over twice as many steps/day as the least active group (p<0.001), had lower BMI’s (p=0.007) and body fat percentages (p=0.029). Neutrophils migrated towards IL-8 better in the most active group compared to the least active (p<0.05) and was comparable to that of the young (p>0.05). These differences remained after adjusting for BMI, body fat and plasma metabolic markers which were different between groups. Correlations revealed that steps/day, higher adiponectin and lower insulin were positively associated with migratory ability (p<0.05). There was no difference in expression of the chemokine receptors CXCR1 or CXCR2 (p>0.05 for both). CD11b was higher in the most active group compared to the least active (p=0.048). No differences between activity groups or young controls were observed for neutrophil phagocytosis or oxidative 2  burst in response to E.coli (p>0.05). The young group had lower concentrations of IL- 6, IL-8, MCP-1, CRP, IL-10 and IL-13 (p<0.05 for all) with no differences between the two older groups. Conclusion: These data suggest that impaired neutrophil migration, but not bactericidal function, in older adults may be, in part, the result of reduced physical activity. A 2-fold difference in physical activity is associated with better preserved neutrophil migratory dynamics in healthy older people. As a consequence increasing habitual physical activity may be beneficial for neutrophil mediated immunity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1107 Immunology, 1109 Neurosciences, 1701 Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2016 13:37
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2016 13:37
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3232

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