# The Herschel-ATLAS Data Release 1 Paper II: Multi-wavelength counterparts to submillimetre sources

Bourne, N and Dunne, L and Maddox, SJ and Dye, S and Furlanetto, C and Hoyos, C and Smith, DJB and Eales, S and Smith, MWL and Valiante, E and Alpaslan, M and Andrae, E and Baldry, IK and Cluver, ME and Cooray, A and Driver, SP and Dunlop, JS and Grootes, MW and Ivison, RJ and Jarrett, TH and Liske, J and Madore, BF and Popescu, CC and Robotham, AG and Rowlands, K and Seibert, M and Thompson, MA and Tuffs, RJ and Viaene, S and Wright, AH (2016) The Herschel-ATLAS Data Release 1 Paper II: Multi-wavelength counterparts to submillimetre sources. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ISSN 0035-8711

This paper is the second in a pair of articles presenting data release 1 (DR1) of the Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS), the largest single open-time key project carried out with the Herschel Space Observatory. The H-ATLAS is a wide-area imaging survey carried out in five photometric bands at 100, 160, 250, 350 and 500$\mu$m covering a total area of 600deg$^2$. In this paper we describe the identification of optical counterparts to submillimetre sources in DR1, comprising an area of 161 deg$^2$ over three equatorial fields of roughly 12$^\circ$x4.5$^\circ$ centred at 9$^h$, 12$^h$ and 14.5$^h$ respectively. Of all the H-ATLAS fields, the equatorial regions benefit from the greatest overlap with current multi-wavelength surveys spanning ultraviolet (UV) to mid-infrared regimes, as well as extensive spectroscopic coverage. We use a likelihood-ratio technique to identify SDSS counterparts at r<22.4 for 250-$\mu$m-selected sources detected at $\geq$ 4$\sigma$ ($\approx$28mJy). We find `reliable' counterparts (reliability R$\geq$0.8) for 44,835 sources (39 per cent), with an estimated completeness of 73.0 per cent and contamination rate of 4.7 per cent. Using redshifts and multi-wavelength photometry from GAMA and other public catalogues, we show that H-ATLAS-selected galaxies at $z<0.5$ span a wide range of optical colours, total infrared (IR) luminosities, and IR/UV ratios, with no strong disposition towards mid-IR-classified AGN in comparison with optical selection. The data described herein, together with all maps and catalogues described in the companion paper (Valiante et al. 2016), are available from the H-ATLAS website at www.h-atlas.org.