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A century of trends in adult human height

Bentham, J and Di Cesare, M and Stevens, GA and Zhou, B and Bixby, H and Cowan, M and Fortunato, L and Bennett, JE and Danaei, G and Hajifathalian, K and Lu, Y and Riley, LM and Laxmaiah, A and Kontis, V and Paciorek, CJ and Ezzati, M and Abdeen, ZA and Hamid, ZA and Abu-Rmeileh, NM and Acosta-Cazares, B and Adams, R and Aekplakorn, W and Aguilar-Salinas, CA and Agyemang, C and Ahmadvand, A and Ahrens, W and Al-Hazzaa, HM and Al-Othman, AR and Raddadi, RA and Ali, MM and Alkerwi, A and Alvarez-Pedrerol, M and Aly, E and Amouyel, P and Amuzu, A and Andersen, LB and Anderssen, SA and Anjana, RM and Aounallah-Skhiri, H and Ariansen, I and Aris, T and Arlappa, N and Arveiler, D and Assah, FK and Avdicová, M and Azizi, F and Babu, BV and Bahijri, S and Balakrishna, N and Bandosz, P and Banegas, JR and Barbagallo, CM and Barceló, A and Barkat, A and Barros, MV and Bata, I and Batieha, AM and Batista, RL and Baur, LA and Beaglehole, R and Romdhane, HB and Benet, M and Bernabe-Ortiz, A and Bernotiene, G and Bettiol, H and Bhagyalaxmi, A and Bharadwaj, S and Bhargava, SK and Bhatti, Z and Bhutta, ZA and Bi, H and Bi, Y and Bjerregaard, P and Bjertness, E and Bjertness, MB and Björkelund, C and Blokstra, A and Bo, S and Bobak, M and Boddy, LM and Boehm, BO and Boeing, H and Boissonnet, CP and Bongard, V and Bovet, P and Braeckman, L and Bragt, MCE and Brajkovich, I and Branca, F and Breckenkamp, J and Brenner, H and Brewster, LM and Brian, GR and Bruno, G and Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB (2016) A century of trends in adult human height. eLife, 5. ISSN 2050-084X

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© NCD Risk Factor Collaboration.Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3- 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8- 144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: eLife Sciences Publications Ltd
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2016 12:38
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 15:10
DOI or Identification number: 10.7554/eLife.13410.001
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4022

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