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Study on the criteria for assessing skull-face correspondence in craniofacial superimposition

Wilkinson, CM and Ibanez, O and Valsecchi, A and Cavalli, F and Huete, M and Campanones-Alvarez, C and Vicente, R and Navega, MS and Ross, A and Jankausas, R and Imaizumi, K and Hardiman, R and Jayaprakash, P and Ruiz, E and Molinero, F and Leston, P and Veselovskaya, E and Abramov, A (2016) Study on the criteria for assessing skull-face correspondence in craniofacial superimposition. Legal Medicine, 23. pp. 59-70. ISSN 1873-4162

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Abstract

Craniofacial superimposition has the potential to be used as an identification method when other traditional biological techniques are not applicable due to insufficient quality or absence of ante-mortem and post-mortem data. Despite having been used in many countries as a method of inclusion and exclusion for over a century it lacks standards. Thus, the purpose of this research is to provide forensic practitioners with standard criteria for analysing skull-face relationships. Thirty-seven experts from 16 different institutions participated in this study, which consisted of evaluating 65 criteria for assessing skull-face anatomical consistency on a sample of 24 different skull-face superimpositions. An unbiased statistical analysis established the most objective and discriminative criteria. Results did not show strong associations, however, important insights to address lack of standards were provided. In addition, a novel methodology for understanding and standardizing identification methods based on the observation of morphological patterns has been proposed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
Divisions: Liverpool School of Art and Design
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2016 10:35
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2017 15:18
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4280

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