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The environmental dependence of H I in galaxies in the EAGLE simulations

Marasco, A and Crain, RA and Schaye, J and Bahe, YM and van der Hulst, T and Theuns, T and Bower, RG (2016) The environmental dependence of H I in galaxies in the EAGLE simulations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 461 (3). pp. 2630-2649. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We use the EAGLE suite of cosmological hydrodynamical simulations to study how the HI content of present-day galaxies depends on their environment. We show that EAGLE reproduces observed HI mass–environment trends very well, while semi-analytic models typically overpredict the average HI masses in dense environments. The environmental processes act primarily as an on/off switch for the HI content of satellites withM∗ > 109M_. At a fixedM∗, the fraction of HI-depleted satellites increase with increasing host halo mass M200 in response to stronger environmental effects, while at a fixedM200 it decreases with increasing satelliteM∗ as the gas is confined by deeper gravitational potentials. HI-depleted satellites reside mostly, but not exclusively, within the virial radius r200 of their host halo. We investigate the origin of these trends by focusing on three environmental mechanisms: ram pressure stripping by the intragroup medium, tidal stripping by the host halo and satellite–satellite encounters. By tracking back in time the evolution of the HI-depleted satellites, we find that the most common cause of HI removal is satellite encounters. The time-scale for HI removal is typically less than 0.5 Gyr. Tidal stripping occurs in haloes of M200 < 1014M_ within 0.5 × r200, while the other processes act also in more massive haloes, generally within r200. Conversely, we find that ram pressure stripping is the most common mechanism that disturbs the HI morphology of galaxies at redshift z = 0. This implies that HI removal due to satellite–satellite interactions occurs on shorter time-scales than the other processes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2016 08:23
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 00:07
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stw1498
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4664

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