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Study on the performance of different craniofacial superimposition approaches (II): Best practices proposal

Damas, S and Wilkinson, C and Kahana, T and Veselovskaya, E and Abramov, A and Jankauskas, R and Jayaprakash, PT and Ruiz, E and Navarro, F and Huete, MI and Cunha, E and Cavalli, F and Clement, J and Leston, P and Molinero, F and Briers, T and Viegas, F and Imaizumi, K and Humpire, D and Ibanez, O (2015) Study on the performance of different craniofacial superimposition approaches (II): Best practices proposal. FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, 257. ISSN 0379-0738

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Abstract

Craniofacial superimposition, although existing for one century, is still a controversial technique within the scientific community. Objective and unbiased validation studies over a significant number of cases are required to establish a more solid picture on the reliability. However, there is lack of protocols and standards in the application of the technique leading to contradictory information concerning reliability. Instead of following a uniform methodology, every expert tends to apply his own approach to the problem, based on the available technology and deep knowledge on human craniofacial anatomy, soft tissues, and their relationships. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of different craniofacial superimposition methodologies and the corresponding technical approaches to this type of identification. With all the data generated, some of the most representative experts in craniofacial identification joined in a discussion intended to identify and agree on the most important issues that have to be considered to properly employ the craniofacial superimposition technique. As a consequence, the consortium has produced the current manuscript, which can be considered the first standard in the field; including good and bad practices, sources of error and uncertainties, technological requirements and desirable features, and finally a common scale for the craniofacial matching evaluation. Such a document is intended to be part of a more complete framework for craniofacial superimposition, to be developed during the FP7-founded project MEPROCS, which will favour and standardize its proper application.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
Divisions: Liverpool School of Art and Design
Publisher: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2016 16:31
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 15:09
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.07.045
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4886

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