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Sprint interval and moderate-intensity continuous training have equal benefits on aerobic capacity, insulin sensitivity, muscle capillarisation and endothelial eNOS/NAD(P)Hoxidase protein ratio in obese men

Cocks, MS and Shaw, CS and Shepherd, SO and Fisher, JP and Ranasinghe, A and Baker, TA and Wagenmakers, AJM (2015) Sprint interval and moderate-intensity continuous training have equal benefits on aerobic capacity, insulin sensitivity, muscle capillarisation and endothelial eNOS/NAD(P)Hoxidase protein ratio in obese men. The Journal of Physiology, 594 (8). pp. 2307-2321. ISSN 0022-3751

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Abstract

Sprint interval training (SIT) has been proposed as a time efficient alternative to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), leading to similar improvements in skeletal muscle capillary density and microvascular function in young healthy humans. In this study we made the first comparisons of the muscle microvascular response to SIT and MICT in an obese population. Sixteen young obese men (age 25±1 yr, BMI 34.8±0.9 kg.m-2) were randomly assigned to 4 weeks of MICT (40-60 min cycling at ~65% VO2peak, 5 times per wk.) or constant load SIT (4-7 constant workload intervals of 200% Wattmax 3 times per wk.). Muscle biopsies were taken before and after training from the m. vastus lateralis to measure muscle microvascular endothelial eNOS content, eNOS serine1177 phosphorylation, NOX2 content and capillarization using quantitative immunofluorescence microscopy. Maximal aerobic capacity (VO2peak), whole body insulin sensitivity and arterial stiffness were also assessed. SIT and MICT increased skeletal muscle microvascular eNOS content and eNOS ser1177 phosphorylation in terminal arterioles and capillaries (P<0.05), but the later effect was eliminated when normalised to eNOS content (P = 0.217). SIT and MICT also reduced microvascular endothelial NOX2 content (P<0.05) and both increased capillary density and capillary-fibre-perimeter exchange index (P<0.05). In parallel, SIT and MICT increased VO2peak (P<0.05), whole body insulin sensitivity (P<0.05) and reduced central artery stiffness (P<0.05). As no significant differences were observed between SIT and MICT it is concluded that SIT is a time efficient alternative to MICT to improve aerobic capacity, insulin sensitivity and muscle capillarisation and endothelial eNOS/NAD(P)Hoxidase protein ratio in young obese men.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an accepted version of an article from the Journal of Physiology, published online 24 February 2015, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2014.285254.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2015 15:08
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2016 12:40
DOI or Identification number: 10.1113/jphysiol.2014.285254.
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/523

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