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The impact of baryons on massive galaxy clusters: halo structure and cluster mass estimates

Henson, MA and Barnes, DJ and Kay, ST and McCarthy, IG and Schaye, J (2017) The impact of baryons on massive galaxy clusters: halo structure and cluster mass estimates. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 465 (3). pp. 3361-3378. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We use the BAHAMAS and MACSIS hydrodynamic simulations to quantify the impact of baryons on the mass distribution and dynamics of massive galaxy clusters, as well as the bias in X-ray and weak lensing mass estimates. These simulations use the sub-grid physics models calibrated in the BAHAMAS project, which include feedback from both supernovae and active galactic nuclei. They form a cluster population covering almost two orders of magnitude in mass, with more than 3,500 clusters with masses greater than $10^{14}\,\mathrm{M}_\odot$ at $z=0$. We start by characterising the clusters in terms of their spin, shape and density profile, before considering the bias in both weak lensing and hydrostatic mass estimates. Whilst including baryonic effects leads to more spherical, centrally concentrated clusters, the median weak lensing mass bias is unaffected by the presence of baryons. In both the dark matter only and hydrodynamic simulations, the weak lensing measurements underestimate cluster masses by ${\approx}10\%$ for clusters with $M_{200}{\leq}10^{15}\mathrm{M}_\odot$ and this bias tends to zero at higher masses. We also consider the hydrostatic bias when using both the true density and temperature profiles, and those derived from X-ray spectroscopy. When using spectroscopic temperatures and densities, the hydrostatic bias decreases as a function of mass, leading to a bias of ${\approx}40\%$ for clusters with $M_{500}{\geq}10^{15}\,\mathrm{M}_\odot$. This is due to the presence of cooler gas in the cluster outskirts. Using mass weighted temperatures and the true density profile reduces this bias to $5{-}15\%$.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.CO; astro-ph.CO; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 11:33
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 02:59
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stw2899
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5239

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