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General public views on community pharmacy services in public health

Saramunee, K (2013) General public views on community pharmacy services in public health. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Abstract

Community pharmacists are increasingly providing public health services in response to government policies. Published literature regarding the views of the general public related to pharmacy public health services, although important in ensuring uptake of these services, was limited. This study series aim to explore the general public's perspective on how to maximise the appropriate utilisation of community pharmacy services for improving public health. A large study comprising four sequential phases was designed and conducted in Sefton borough. Initially, to gather background information, focus group discussions (FGDs) and semi-structured interviews were undertaken with the general public and key stakeholders. The second phase involved the development and testing of a questionnaire extracted from the qualitative findings and a literature review. The questionnaire focused upon seven pharmacy public health services related to cardiovascular risks as well as views on factors influencing pharmacy use and advertising/promotion techniques. Geodemographic concepts, widely recognised in public health, were also included to identify potential benefits to pharmacy practice research. Next, a large scale survey was administered among the general public using eight survey modes, to additionally evaluate the range of methods available/for gathering public views. Finally, survey findings were evaluated by representatives of survey respondents using a FGD. Results indicated that, although stakeholders considered that community pharmacy can make an extensive contribution in supporting public health, pharmacy public health services are used at a relatively low level by the general public and awareness of services is also low. Survey respondents indicated a willingness to use services in the future. Important factors influencing pharmacy use include loyalty, location and convenient accessibility. Appropriate promotional campaigns are a key facilitator to help raise the public's awareness. The findings will help the profession to increase uptake of pharmacy public health services. The variety of survey modes used proved beneficial in obtaining diverse population demographics, with street survey being the optimal technique, however, the potential for social desirability bias must be considered with this and other interviewer-assisted approaches. MOSAIC™ as a geodemographic tool is potentially useful in helping to target services for specific groups and is recommended for use in further research.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 11:27
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2017 11:27
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6170

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