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OGLE-2012-BLG-0563Lb: A Saturn-Mass Planet Around an M Dwarf with the Mass Constrained by Subaru Ao Imaging

Fukui, A and Gould, A and Sumi, T and Bennett, DP and Bond, IA and Han, C and Suzuki, D and Beaulieu, J-P and Batista, V and Udalski, A and Street, RA and Tsapras, Y and Hundertmark, M and Abe, F and Bhattacharya, A and Freeman, M and Itow, Y and Ling, CH and Koshimoto, N and Masuda, K and Matsubara, Y and Muraki, Y and Ohnishi, K and Philpott, LC and Rattenbury, N and Saito, T and Sullivan, DJ and Tristram, PJ and Yonehara, A and Choi, J-Y and Christie, GW and DePoy, DL and Dong, S and Drummond, J and Gaudi, BS and Hwang, K-H and Kavka, A and Lee, C-U and McCormick, J and Natusch, T and Ngan, H and Park, H and Pogge, RW and Shin, I-G and Tan, T-G and Yee, JC and Szymanski, MK and Pietrzynski, G and Soszynski, I and Poleski, R and Kozlowski, S and Pietrukowicz, P and Ulaczyk, K and Wyrzykowski, L and Bramich, DM and Browne, P and Dominik, M and Horne, K and Ipatov, S and Kains, N and Snodgrass, C and Steele, IA (2015) OGLE-2012-BLG-0563Lb: A Saturn-Mass Planet Around an M Dwarf with the Mass Constrained by Subaru Ao Imaging. Astrophysical Journal, 809 (1). ISSN 1538-4357

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We report the discovery of a microlensing exoplanet OGLE-2012-BLG-0563Lb with the planet–star mass ratio of $\sim 1\times {10}^{-3}$. Intensive photometric observations of a high-magnification microlensing event allow us to detect a clear signal of the planet. Although no parallax signal is detected in the light curve, we instead succeed at detecting the flux from the host star in high-resolution JHK'-band images obtained by the Subaru/AO188 and Infrared Camera and Spectrograph instruments, allowing us to constrain the absolute physical parameters of the planetary system. With the help of spectroscopic information about the source star obtained during the high-magnification state by Bensby et al., we find that the lens system is located at 1.3${}_{-0.8}^{+0.6}$ kpc from us, and consists of an M dwarf (0.34 ${}_{-0.20}^{+0.12}$M${}_{\odot }$) orbited by a Saturn-mass planet (0.39 ${}_{-0.23}^{+0.14}$MJup) at the projected separation of 0.74${}_{-0.42}^{+0.26}$ AU (close model) or 4.3${}_{-2.5}^{+1.5}$ AU (wide model). The probability of contamination in the host star's flux, which would reduce the masses by a factor of up to three, is estimated to be 17%. This possibility can be tested by future high-resolution imaging. We also estimate the $(J-{K}_{{\rm{s}}})$ and $(H-{K}_{{\rm{s}}})$ colors of the host star, which are marginally consistent with a low metallicity mid-to-early M dwarf, although further observations are required for the metallicity to be conclusive. This is the fifth sub-Jupiter-mass ($0.2\lt {m}_{{\rm{p}}}/{M}_{\mathrm{Jup}}\lt 1$) microlensing planet around an M dwarf with the mass well constrained. The relatively rich harvest of sub-Jupiters around M dwarfs is contrasted with a possible paucity of ~1–2 Jupiter-mass planets around the same type of star, which can be explained by the planetary formation process in the core-accretion scheme.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences, 0305 Organic Chemistry, 0306 Physical Chemistry (Incl. Structural)
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astornomical Society and IOP Publishing
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 08:50
Last Modified: 09 May 2017 08:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.1088/0004-637X/809/1/74
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6383

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