Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Lipid droplet remodelling and reduced muscle ceramides following sprint interval and moderate-intensity continuous exercise training in obese males.

Shepherd, SO and Cocks, MS and Meikle, PJ and Mellett, NA and Ranasinghe, AM and Barker, TA and Wagenmakers, AJM and Shaw, CS (2017) Lipid droplet remodelling and reduced muscle ceramides following sprint interval and moderate-intensity continuous exercise training in obese males. International Journal of Obesity. ISSN 0307-0565

[img] Text
Obese HIT_Final_Merged.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 24 January 2018.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In obesity, improved muscle insulin sensitivity following exercise training has been linked to the lowering of diacylglycerol (DAG) and ceramide concentrations. Little is known, however, about how improved insulin action with exercise training in obese individuals relates to lipid droplet (LD) adaptations in skeletal muscle. In this study we investigated the hypothesis that short-term sprint interval training (SIT) and moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) in obese individuals would increase perilipin (PLIN) expression, increase the proportion of LDs in contact with mitochondria and reduce muscle concentrations of DAGs and ceramides. METHODS: Sixteen sedentary obese males performed 4 weeks of either SIT (4-7 × 30 s sprints at 200% Wmax, 3 days.week(-1)) or MICT (40-60 min cycling at ~65% VO2peak, 5 days.week(-1)), and muscle biopsies were obtained pre- and post-training. RESULTS: Training increased PLIN2 (SIT 90%, MICT 68%) and PLIN5 (SIT 47%, MICT 34%) expression in type I fibres only, and increased PLIN3 expression in both type I (SIT 63%, MICT 67%) and type II fibres (SIT 70%, MICT 160%) (all P<0.05). Training did not change LD content but increased the proportion of LD in contact with mitochondria (SIT 12%, MICT 21%, P<0.01). Ceramides were reduced following training (SIT -10%, MICT -7%, P<0.05), but DAG was unchanged. No training × group interactions were observed for any variables. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm the hypothesis that SIT and MICT results in remodelling of LDs and lowers ceramide concentrations in skeletal muscle of sedentary obese males.International Journal of Obesity accepted article preview online, 24 July 2017. doi:10.1038/ijo.2017.170.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical And Health Sciences, 13 Education
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Nature Publishing
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 09:04
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2017 06:25
DOI or Identification number: 10.1038/ijo.2017.170
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6859

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item