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Austerity, policy and sport participation in England

Widdop, P and King, N and Parnell, D and Cutts, D and Millward, P (2017) Austerity, policy and sport participation in England. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics. ISSN 1940-6940

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Abstract

This study seeks to understand participation levels in sport across socio-demographic groups, specifically for the period 2008-14, in the context of austerity measures taken by central government resulting in local authority income and expenditure reductions. Participation levels over time were analysed using data from the Active People Survey (APS) which was the preferred method for measuring participation by Sport England until its replacement in 2015. Budgetary constraints in local authorities, have subsequently resulted in an expenditure decrease for non-discretionary services including ‘sport development and community recreation’. This area of expenditure forms one component of sport-related services and primarily focuses on raising participation in ‘hard-to-reach’ groups. The study found policy goals associated with raising and widening participation were not met to any significant degree between 2008 and 2014 as participation levels have changed little for lower-income ‘hard-to-reach’ groups. It is claimed that this outcome is in part due to austerity measures impacting on local authority expenditure. This study has implications for policy-makers and practitioners as it illustrates both the challenges faced in setting and delivering policy aimed at raising participation levels in ‘hard-to-reach’ groups, particularly in the context of austerity, and the difficulties associated with measuring participation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics on 14th August 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/19406940.2017.1348964
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1504 Commercial Services, 1605 Policy And Administration
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Humanities and Social Science
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2017 10:32
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2017 10:32
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/19406940.2017.1348964
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7268

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