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Orbital decomposition of CALIFA spiral galaxies

Zhu, L and Bosch, RVD and Ven, GVD and Lyubenova, M and Falcón-Barroso, J and Meidt, SE and Martig, M and Shen, J and Li, Z-Y and Yildirim, A and Walcher, CJ and Sanchez, SF (2017) Orbital decomposition of CALIFA spiral galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

Schwarzschild orbit-based dynamical models are widely used to uncover the internal dynamics of early-type galaxies and globular clusters. Here we present for the first time the Schwarzschild models of late-type galaxies: an SBb galaxy NGC 4210 and an S0 galaxy NGC 6278 from the CALIFA survey. The mass profiles within $2\,R_e$ are constrained well with $1\sigma$ statistical error of $\sim 10\%$. The luminous and dark mass can be disentangled with uncertainties of $\sim 20\%$ and $\sim 50\%$ respectively. From $R_e$ to $2\,R_e$, the dark matter fraction increases from $14\pm10\%$ to $18\pm10\%$ for NGC 4210 and from $15\pm10\%$ to $30\pm20\%$ for NGC 6278. The velocity anisotropy profiles of both $\sigma_r/\sigma_t$ and $\sigma_z/\sigma_R$ are well constrained. The inferred internal orbital distributions reveal clear substructures. The orbits are naturally separated into three components: a cold component with near circular orbits, a hot component with near radial orbits, and a warm component in between. The photometrically-identified exponential disks are predominantly made up of cold orbits only beyond $\sim 1\,R_e$, while they are constructed mainly with the warm orbits inside. Our dynamical hot components are concentrated in the inner regions, similar to the photometrically-identified bulges. The reliability of the results, especially the orbit distribution, are verified by applying the model to mock data.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2017 10:54
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 10:54
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stx2409
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7275

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