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Intelligent Systems Approach for Classification and Management of Patients with Headache

Kaky, AJM (2017) Intelligent Systems Approach for Classification and Management of Patients with Headache. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Abstract

Primary headache disorders are the most common complaints worldwide. The socioeconomic and personal impact of headache disorders is enormous, as it is the leading cause of workplace absence. Headache patients’ consultations are increasing as the population has increased in size, live longer and many people have multiple conditions, however, access to specialist services across the UK is currently inequitable because the numbers of trained consultant neurologists in the UK are 10 times lower than other European countries. Additionally, more than two third of headache cases presented to primary care were labelled with unspecified headache. Therefore, an alternative pathway to diagnose and manage patients with primary headache could be crucial to reducing the need for specialist assessment and increase capacity within the current service model. Several recent studies have targeted this issue through the development of clinical decision support systems, which can help non-specialist doctors and general practitioners to diagnose patients with primary headache disorders in primary clinics. However, the majority of these studies were following a rule-based system style, in which the rules were summarised and expressed by a computer engineer. This style carries many downsides, and we will discuss them later on in this dissertation. In this study, we are adopting a completely different approach. The use of machine learning is recruited for the classification of primary headache disorders, for which a dataset of 832 records of patients with primary headaches was considered, originating from three medical centres located in Turkey. Three main types of primary headaches were derived from the data set including Tension Type Headache in both episodic and chronic forms, Migraine with and without Aura, followed by Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgia that further subdivided into Cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing. Six popular machine-learning based classifiers, including linear and non-linear ensemble learning, in addition to one regression based procedure, have been evaluated for the classification of primary headaches within a supervised learning setting, achieving highest aggregate performance outcomes of AUC 0.923, sensitivity 0.897, and overall classification accuracy of 0.843. This study also introduces the proposed HydroApp system, which is an M-health based personalised application for the follow-up of patients with long-term conditions such as chronic headache and hydrocephalus. We managed to develop this system with the supervision of headache specialists at Ashford hospital, London, and neurology experts at Walton Centre and Alder Hey hospital Liverpool. We have successfully investigated the acceptance of using such an M-health based system via an online questionnaire, where 86% of paediatric patients and 60% of adult patients were interested in using HydroApp system to manage their conditions. Features and functions offered by HydroApp system such as recording headache score, recording of general health and well-being as well as alerting the treating team, have been perceived as very or extremely important aspects from patients’ point of view. The study concludes that the advances in intelligent systems and M-health applications represent a promising atmosphere through which to identify alternative solutions, which in turn increases the capacity in the current service model and improves diagnostic capability in the primary headache domain and beyond.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intelligent approaches; Classification; Primary headache; Long-term follow-up; Patients with headache
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Computer Science
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2017 08:15
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2017 08:15
Supervisors: Al-Jumeily, DHIYA and Hussain, ABIR
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7418

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