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Glutamine supplementation reduces markers of intestinal permeability during running in the heat in a dose-dependent manner.

Pugh, JN and Sage, S and Hutson, M and Doran, DA and Fleming, SC and Highton, J and Morton, JP and Close, GL (2017) Glutamine supplementation reduces markers of intestinal permeability during running in the heat in a dose-dependent manner. European Journal of Applied Physiology. ISSN 1439-6327

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the dose-response effects of acute glutamine supplementation on markers of gastrointestinal (GI) permeability, damage and, secondary, subjective symptoms of GI discomfort in response to running in the heat. METHODS: Ten recreationally active males completed a total of four exercise trials; a placebo trial and three glutamine trials at 0.25, 0.5 and 0.9 g kg(-1) of fat-free mass (FFM) consumed 2 h before exercise. Each exercise trial consisted of a 60-min treadmill run at 70% of [Formula: see text] in an environmental chamber set at 30 °C. GI permeability was measured using ratio of lactulose to rhamnose (L:R) in serum. Plasma glutamine and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) concentrations were determined pre and post exercise. Subjective GI symptoms were assessed 45 min and 24 h post-exercise. RESULTS: Relative to placebo, L:R was likely lower following 0.25 g kg(-1) (mean difference: - 0.023; ± 0.021) and 0.5 g kg(-1) (- 0.019; ± 0.019) and very likely following 0.9 g kg(- 1) (- 0.034; ± 0.024). GI symptoms were typically low and there was no effect of supplementation. DISCUSSION: Acute oral glutamine consumption attenuates GI permeability relative to placebo even at lower doses of 0.25 g kg(-1), although larger doses may be more effective. It remains unclear if this will lead to reductions in GI symptoms. Athletes competing in the heat may, therefore, benefit from acute glutamine supplementation prior to exercise in order to maintain gastrointestinal integrity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2017 10:30
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2017 10:58
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s00421-017-3744-4
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7465

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