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Development of thresholds of excess toxicity for environmental species and their application to identification of modes of acute toxic action

Li, J and Zhang, X and Yang, Y and Huang, T and Li, C and Su, M and Cronin, MTD and Zhao, Y (2017) Development of thresholds of excess toxicity for environmental species and their application to identification of modes of acute toxic action. Science of the Total Environment, 616. pp. 491-499. ISSN 0048-9697

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Abstract

The acute toxicity of organic pollutants to fish, Daphnia magna, Tetrahymena pyriformis, and Vibrio fischeri was investigated. The results indicated that the Toxicity Ratio (TR) threshold of log TR = 1, which has been based on the distribution of toxicity data to fish, can also be used to discriminate reactive or specifically acting compounds from baseline narcotics for Daphnia magna and Vibrio fischeri. A log TR = 0.84 is proposed for Tetrahymena pyriformis following investigation of the relationships between the species sensitivity and the absolute averaged residuals (AAR) between the predicted baseline toxicity and the experimental toxicity. Less inert compounds exhibit relatively higher toxicity to the lower species (Tetrahymena pyriformis and Vibrio fischeri) than the higher species (fish and Daphnia magna). A greater number of less inert compounds with log TR greater than the thresholds was observed for Tetrahymena pyriformis and Vibrio fischeri. This may be attributed to the hydrophilic compounds which may pass more easily through cell membranes than the skin or exoskeleton of organisms and have higher bioconcentration factors in the lower species, leading to higher toxicity. Most of classes of chemical associated with excess toxicity to one species also exhibited excess toxicity to other species, however, a few classes with excess toxicity to one species exhibiting narcotic toxicity to other species and thus may have different MOAs between species. Some ionizable compounds have log TR much lower than one because of the over-estimated log KOW. The factors that influence the toxicity ratio calculated from baseline level are discussed in this paper.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2017 09:42
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2017 09:42
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.10.308
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7506

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